Thursday, August 16, 2007

Jayachamaraja Wodeyar (1919 - 1974) Biography and Works


Biography


Jayachamaraja Wodeyar was one of the rare Kings who was also an important musicologist and composer. Perhaps he was following the example set by Travancore king - composer Swati Tirunal and the last Mughal emperor - ghazal poet Bahadur Shah Zafar .

Jayachamaraja Wodeyar was born in Mysore on 18th July, 1919 as the son of Kanteerava Narasimharaja Wodeyar. He received traing from ashtana vidhwans in all arts and sciences. Mysore kings were great patrons of art and music. They had in their court great musicians from all over India, both Carnatic and Hindustani.

Jayachamaraja Wodeyar ascended to the throne in 1940, after the death of Chamaraja Wodeyar IV and ruled till 1950, when he handed over the state to the Indian republic, ending 550 years of Wodeyar rule. But, he continued to be the constitutional head of Mysore state as the Raja Pramukh (1950-56), till the post was abolished. He was then the first governor of Mysore state (1956-65) and also Madras state (1964-67).

As a great patron of music, he had several artists in his court - Tiger VaradachariarMysore Vasudevachar, Muthaiah Bhagavathar, Gotuvadyam Narayana Iyengar and Ariyakudi Ramanuja Iyengar. Jayachamaraja Wodeyar composed about 90 krithi-s in Sanskrit, some in rare raaga-s like Bhogavasanta, Durvangi. He had great interest in western music too. He was the recipient of D.Lit from Queensland University, Australia, Doctor of Law from Banaras University, and D.Lit from Annamalai University. He was honorary Fellow of Trinity College of Music, London, in the year 1945.

Mudra: Shrividhya

Genre Carnatic: Krithi, Varna

Languages used:
Sanskrit

Compositions:

Ambujakshi Simhavahini Rupaka Krithi
Balakrishnam Nilaveni Adi Krithi
Bhajare mohana Bhanuchandrika Rupaka Krithi
Bhooribhagyalahari Pratapavarali Adi Krithi
Brahmananda valaye Maand Triputa Krithi
Chintayami Jagadambha Hindolam Adi Krithi
Chinthaye sada Sindhuramakriya Adi Krithi
Chintyami santhanama Varunapriya Adi Krithi
Devi Jadambika Vasantha Bhairavi Khanda Jhampa Krithi
Devi Sri Meenakshi Chakravakam Triputa Krithi
Gam Ganapathi Durvangi Triputa Krithi
Gamganapathe sada Nagasvaravali Adi Krithi
Kamakshi pahi mam Shivakambodi Khanda Triputa Krithi
Kshirasagara Mayamalavagaula Dhruva Krithi
Manavathim Kokilapriya Adi Krithi
Matanga kanyam Sudha Thodi Khanda Triputa Krithi
Mrithunjayam Ragavardhini Triputa Krithi
Nadarupini vandeham Kokilapanchamam Adi Krithi
Nagalinga Maheswaram Sankarabharanam Rupaka Krithi
Neelakantam Mahadevam Purvikalyani Misra Triputa Krithi
Pahi mam Supradeepa Adi Krithi
Pahimam Sitarama Hindola Desika Adi Krithi
Pahimam Sri Jayasamavardhani Khanda Triputa Krithi
Pahimam Sri Parameswari Hindola Durbar Rupaka Krithi
Paripahi mam Subhapanthuvarali Adi Krithi
Rajarajeswarim Balachandrika Khanda Triputa Krithi
Saraswathim bhagavathim Hamsavinodhini Khanda Chapu Krithi
Sri Chakrapurvasini Sudha Lalitha Adi Krithi
Sri Gayatri Gamanasrama Druva Krithi
Sri Jalandhara masrayamyaham Gambhiranatta Adi Krithi
Sri Nagalingam Vachaspathi Jhampa Krithi
Sri Ranganathani Kalyanavasantham Jhampa Krithi
Sri vidya lalitham Nadabrahma Adi Krithi
Sri Vidyamodini Kokilabhashini Tisra Triputa Krithi
Sri Vidyapati Lalitha Panchamam Adi Krithi
Srichamundeswari Kannada Adi Krithi
Srilalitham maha Nagadhvani Khanda Triputa Krithi
Suranandinee Suranandini Adi Krithi
Suvarnangi Suvarnangi Misra Jhampa Krithi
Swaminatha palaya Charukesi Triputa Krithi
Vandeham Sive Kathanakuthuhalam Matya Krithi
Vandehamsada Hamsanatini Adi Krithi
Vijayatam sagare Vishwambhari Triputa Krithi
Vimalambike paripahim Vijayavasantha Adi Krithi

3 comments:

Raja said...

H.H. Jaya Chama Raja Wadiyar ascended the legendary throne of Mysore after the untimely demise of his Uncle H.H. Krishna raja Wadiyar IV on August 3, 1940. (Bola) Chamaraja Wodeyar IV ruled between 1572-1576. H.H. Chamaraja Wadiyar X was the grandfather of H.H. JCRW and was the responsible for HHJCRW's guru Acharya Vasudevacharya's initiation in to muisc by sending him to Patnam Subramanya Iyer at Thiruvayyar.

Raja said...

H.H. Jaya Chama Raja Wadiyar ascended the legendary throne of Mysore after the untimely demise of his Uncle H.H. Krishna raja Wadiyar IV on August 3, 1940. (Bola) Chamaraja Wodeyar IV ruled between 1572-1576. H.H. Chamaraja Wadiyar X was the grandfather of H.H. JCRW and was the responsible for H.H. JCRW's guru Acharya Vasudevacharya's initiation in to muisc by sending him to Patnam Subramanya Iyer at Thiruvayyar.

Vanaja Teegavarapu said...

Happy to know about Mr Jayachamaraja Wadiyar.I request you send the lyrics his compositions