Thursday, August 16, 2007

Muthaiah Bhagavathar (1877 - 1945) Biography and Works


Biography

Dr. Harikesanallur Muthaiah Bhagavathar is one of the most important post-trinity composers and an important vocalist as well.

Muthaiah Bhagavathar was born to Lingam Iyer and Anamdam in 1877. After the early death of his father, he was brought up by his maternal uncle Lakshamana Suri of Harikesanallur, who taught his Sanskrit, Vedas and music. He got further musical training from Sambasiva Iyer and his son T. S. Sabesa Iyer, who belonged to the Thyagaraja shishya parampara.

As a vocalist, his big break came when in 1887 he sang before Maharaja Mulam Thirunal of Travancore who honoured him as a court musician. This established him as one of the front ranking musicians of the time. Later he started giving Harikatha performances, for which he earned the name Bhagavathar. This was the time he started composing, which he would use in his Harikatha-s.

The next phase of his life was as a court musician in Mysore, from 1927. Most of his compositions were from this period. Initially he composed mostly in Madhyakala, like Shri Tyagaraja. After 1931, he was influenced by Muthuswamy Dikshitar compositions and started compoing in vilambita kala. In 1936, he was again invited by Maharani Sethu Parvathi of Travancore and he spent several years there. during that time, one of his major contributions was popularising Swati Tirunal compositions. He was also the first prinicipal of "Swathi Thirunal Academy of Music" there.

Apart from being a vocalist and composer, Muthaiah Bhagavathar was also a learned musicologist. He was actively involved in the Annual Conference of Experts conducted by The Music Academy of Madras. In 1930 he was awarded the Sangeetha Kalanidhi by the academy. He also wrote a book on the science of music, Sangeetha Kalpa Dhruma, for which he was awarded Degree of Doctorate in 1943 by the Travancore state.

Teachers & Influences:M. Lakshamana Suri, Sambasiva Iyer, T. S. Sabesa Iyer


Mudra: Harikesha


Languages used:
Telugu, Sanskrit

Genre
Carnatic: Krithi

Compositions:

Adityan Devadidevam Mayamalavagaula Adi Krithi
Ajam haram Ambikavanam Nilambari Adi Krithi
Amba mahavani Saraswati Manohari Khanda Chapu Krithi
Ambavanina Keeravani Adi Krithi
Anagham akhilandam Mandari Rupaka Krithi
Anandamana sangeetham Kambhoji Adi Krithi
Anandapuram haram Vijayasree Adi Krithi
Ananthapadmanabham Malahari Rupaka Krithi
Ananthaya sarvaya Bauli Adi Krithi
Andavan darisanamae Jonpuri Adi Krithi
Anekatame Vijayanagari Adi Krithi
Angaraka Mangalamurthye Ritigaula Rupaka Krithi
Aniswaram abhishekaram Charukesi Adi Krithi
Anthakasura subane Sahana Rupaka Krithi
Aparajithe amarasanuthe Kannada Adi Krithi
Apavarga pradam asraye Pasupatipriya Adi Krithi
Arrukkum adangada Begada Adi Krithi
Arya Devi Sahana Adi Krithi
Astamurthim sishtamurthim Gaulipantu Misra Chapu Krithi
Athisayavara Mandari Adi Krithi
Atisundaram avyaktham Simhendramadhyamam Rupaka Krithi
Avan seyalauni Hamirkalyani Adi Krithi
Bale paripahi sahu Begada Rupaka Krithi
Balochanam bhaga Saurashtram Misra Chapu Krithi
Balumo samayannu Sahana Khanda Chapu Varnam
Bhagala Deviya HanumaThodi Adi Krithi
Bhagavate rudraya Kurinji Adi Krithi
Bhajamyaham avyayam Nagagandhari Adi Krithi
Bhakthavalsala paramesvara Karnataka Bihag Rupaka Krithi
Bhandasuravimardini Manirang Rupaka Krithi
Bhargam pasupatim Jingla Misra Chapu Krithi
Bhavapasa mochakam Pushpalatika Jhampa Krithi
Bhujanga Bhushana Chenchukamboji Adi Krithi
Bhutha pataye namo Nagasvaravali Adi Krithi
Bhuvaneswari alita Mohanakalyani Adi Krithi
Bindupeetha kritavase Huseni Misra Chapu Krithi
Chakra ragarathe Dharmavathi Rupaka Krithi
Chakresi pradeepa sri Chakrapradeepta Adi Krithi
Chandamundasiraschethry Garudadhwani Rupaka Krithi
Chandrashekara vibushite Sankarabharanam Adi Krithi
Charuvikrama Hamsadhwani Adi Krithi
Chidanikunda sambhute Ataana Adi Krithi
Dakshatvaraharam Surutti Adi Krithi
Dandina Sri Chandikambe Salaga Bhairavi Adi Krithi
Devam kavachinam Bangala Adi Krithi
Devi damshrakarala Hamirkalyani Adi Krithi
Devi Gaurininna Gaurimanohari Khanda Chapu Krithi
Devi Sivadutipradae Punnagavarali Rupaka Krithi
Devi Sri Mahalakshmi Harinarayani Adi Krithi
Devidakshayani Balahamsa Rupaka Krithi
Dhirasikhamani Ritigaula Adi Krithi
Dinamani umasaga Mayamalavagaula Rupaka Krithi
Ennalu tirugu Mandari Adi Krithi
Gamanatham bhaje Panchamam Misra Chapu Krithi
Gamganapathe namo nama Hamsadhwani Rupaka Krithi
Ganesha skanda janani Nagabhushani Rupaka Krithi
Garudavahana Garudadhwani Rupaka Krithi
Giridhanvinam Kokiladhvani Adi Krithi
Girija deviya bhajisetho Veenadhari Adi Krithi
Giripriyam gangadharam Kathanakuthuhalam Adi Krithi
Girisam mahesham Kaanada Misra Chapu Krithi
Gopalanandana Kathanakuthuhalam Adi Krithi
Gurunatha Pushpalatika Khanda Chapu Krithi
Hara Maheswara Begada Adi Krithi
Harihara Mahadeva Jaymanohari Rupaka Krithi
Himagiri tanaye Udayaravichandrika Adi Krithi
Himagirisa manomani Isamanohari Adi Krithi
Ikhane tala Guharanjini Adi Krithi
Ithi vela nanne Kokilabhashini Rupaka Krithi
Jagadguru Gopikavasantham Adi Krithi
Jalandharasupeethasthe Valaji Rupaka Krithi
Jannani Ashrita Ratnangi Rupaka Krithi
Japakusuma Dhanyasi Adi Krithi
Jaya jaya basha Sudha Seemanthini Adi Krithi
Jaya Mahishasura Hamsadhwani Rupaka Krithi
Jaya Narayana Abhogi Adi Krithi
Jayadevijaganmathe Garuda Malhar Triputa Krithi
Jvaalajjihve Darbar Adi Krithi
Kadambavanavasini Bhoopalam Triputa Krithi
Kala ratri svaroopini Urmika/Sudha Adi Krithi
Kalati thaya Udayaravichandrika Adi Krithi
Kameswari Sri Kurinji Jhampa Krithi
Kandara mandala madhyaye Purnachandrika Adi Krithi
Kannan manivarnam Kharaharapriya Rupaka Krithi
Kapalinam vande Hindustani Kapi Misra Chapu Krithi
Karangulina Khotparana Harikamboji Ata Krithi
Kartyayani skandajanani Devamanohari Adi Krithi
Kausamba vasanopathe Karnataka Kapi Chapu Krithi
Khanda Paradsive Yadukulakambhoji Adi Krithi
Kripanidhe Hamsanandam Misra Chapu Krithi
Kripasagara Madhavamanohari Adi Krithi
Lalataksha namosthuthe Natta Adi Krithi
Lambodara sodara Mecha Kalyani Eka Krithi
Lambodhara Mahaganesa Navarasa Kannada Misra Chapu Krithi
Madhu kaitabha Arabhi Rupaka Krithi
Madjurapura nayike Chakravakam Adi Krithi
Mahabala girisam Saranga Chapu Krithi
Mahabaladri nilaye Ramapriya Adi Krithi
Mahabaleswara vibho Saranga Rupaka Krithi
Mahadevam Narayani Adi Krithi
Mahaganapathe dehi Malahari Rupaka Krithi
Maharajani mahalakshmi Amritavarshini Triputa Krithi
Mahatripura Sundar Purnachandrika Rupaka Krithi
Mahavishnusodari Anandabhairavi Adi Krithi
Mahishasura Andolika Adi Varna
Manadira kisainda Sankarabharanam Adi Krithi
Manamadanguvade HanumaThodi Adi Krithi
Manamu kavalannu Sahana Rupaka Krithi
Manas sastvasraye Shanmukhapriya Adi Krithi
Manasija janaka Panchamam Adi Krithi
Manasukaragi Megharanjini Adi Krithi
Mangalam pongidum Maand Adi Krithi
Mangalaroopiniye Jonpuri Adi Krithi
Manonmani Subhapanthuvarali Adi Krithi
Mantrini matangatanaye Hemavathi Adi Krithi
Marakathamanichaye Saindhavi Rupaka Krithi
Mavoor valar maharani Jonpuri Adi Krithi
Mavur valamperuga Sindhubhairavi Adi Krithi
Meenalochani Amba HanumaThodi Rupaka Krithi
Moovasaikonde Kharaharapriya Adi Krithi
Mrigapane Bhairavi Rupaka Krithi
Mrithuynjayam mridam Ramapriya Khanda Chapu Krithi
Mula prakrithi rupe Saveri Adi Krithi
Muruganukku oeru Mecha Kalyani Adi Krithi
Na punyamu gada Keeravani Adi Krithi
Namo hirayana Mangalakaisiki Adi Krithi
Nava lavanya rupadhaye Hindolam Rupaka Krithi
Navakshara manusutha Navarathnavilasam Adi Krithi
Navaratrotsava Alankari Rupaka Krithi
Navavarana sampoojaye Guharanjini Adi Krithi
Nee padamulanu Natabhairavi Adi Krithi
Needu mahima Hamsanandi Adi Krithi
Ni bhaianana Kambhoji Adi Krithi
Ni padame gathiyanu Bhairavi Adi Krithi
Nilalohita Malavi Adi Krithi
Nilayatakshi nive Vijayasree Rupaka Krithi
Ninnu nammi nanu Abhogi Eka Krithi
Nityakinne nishkalanke Nattakurinji Adi Krithi
Pachiyana turumeni HanumaThodi Adi Krithi
Panchasyayane Kaanada Khanda Chapu Krithi
Panchavakthramasraye Hamsadeepakam Adi Krithi
Pankajanabam Mecha Kalyani Adi Krithi
Parama mangalate Dvijayanti Chapu Krithi
Paramapavanane Megharanjini Rupaka Krithi
Paramapurusha Paadi Adi Krithi
Parasu hasthaya Navarasa Kannada Rupaka Krithi
Paripurna paratpara Kuntalavarali Adi Krithi
Pasupathe namosthuthe Saindhavi Adi Krithi
Pasupathi padasevaname Mecha Kalyani Adi Krithi
Pasupathimugram Arabhi Khanda Chapu Krithi
Pasupatipriya sati Pasupatipriya Rupaka Krithi
Pinakine maha prabhave Brindavanasaranga d Krithi
Purandara vinuthe Purvikalyani Triputa Krithi
Purarthaye namo Hindolam Adi Krithi
Purusham pushadante Devamanohari Adi Krithi
Rajarajeswari Garudadhwani Adi Krithi
Rathnabhushani Yadukulakambhoji Adi Krithi
Ratnakanjukadarini Kambhoji Misra Chapu Krithi
Rohineeyam Surutti Khanda Chapu Krithi
Rundamala lasat Bhushavali Adi Krithi
Sachamara Ramavani Hamsanandi Rupaka Krithi
Sachidananda vigrahe Devagandhari Chapu Padam
Sahajaguna Rama Sankarabharanam Adi Krithi
Sahasra sirsha Sudha Lalitha Jhampa Krithi
Sahasrakara manadithe Vachaspathi Adi Krithi
Sahasraksham sambhavam Nayaki Rupaka Krithi
Sahasrapadam Kedaram Misra Chapu Krithi
Sainapriya Sivasankara Sama Adi Krithi
Sakala sampatprade Ritigaula Jhampa Krithi
Saketha Bhupathe Mukhari Adi Krithi
Sakthi Vinayaka Sriranjini Adi Krithi
Samayamide nannu Budhamanohari Adi Krithi
Sampathprade Mecha Kalyani Adi Krithi
Sankara gangadhara Sudha Saveri Adi Krithi
Sankarisathodari Gaula Adi Krithi
Sannutangi Vasantha Adi Varna
Sarasakshi ni Mecha Kalyani Ata Krithi
Sarasamukhi Garuda Malhar Adi Krithi
Saraswatidevi Saraswati Manohari Rupaka Krithi
Saravanabhava Pasupatipriya Adi Krithi
Sarva mangala rupadhye Paras Misra Chapu Krithi
Sarvajna Samba Ravichandrika Rupaka Krithi
Sarvjagatvyapanam Manorama Adi Krithi
Sasisekhara Purnachandrika Adi Krithi
Sathvikam sankaram Amritavarshini Khanda Chapu Krithi
Satideviye Shanmukhapriya Adi Krithi
Sharanam vijaya Vijayasaraswati Adi Krithi
Siddhi Vinayakom Mohanakalyani Adi Krithi
Sikhivahana Hamsadeepakam Adi Krithi
Simhavahana Amba Simhavahini Rupaka Krithi
Siva mahasena janaka Vasantha Khanda Chapu Krithi
Siva siva sambho Mecha Kalyani Adi Krithi
Sivam vrishbharudram Mohanakalyani Khanda Chapu Krithi
Sivapriya Sriranjini Rupaka Krithi
Sivaramaya sugunalaya Keeravani Rupaka Krithi
Somasundara Sarasangi Adi Krithi
Somasuryagni Hamsanandi Misra Chapu Krithi
Sri Anjaneya Jaymanohari Adi Krithi
Sri bhargavam Sri Adi Krithi
Sri bhavamchinmayam Garudadhwani Misra Chapu Krithi
Sri karijaya Sri Adi Krithi
Sri mahabala saila Sudha Saveri Adi Varnam
Sri Mahaganapathe Kambhoji Ata Varnam
Sri Mahishasuramardini Hamsagamani Rupaka Krithi
Sri Parameswara Madhyamavathi Adi Krithi
Sri Raghuvara chinmaya Nayaki Adi Krithi
Sri Raja Raja varade Saurashtram Rupaka Krithi
Sri rajamatangi Udayaravichandrika Adi Varna
Sri Rama kodandarama Bhairavi Misra Chapu Krithi
Sri Sailabrahmambika Kamalamanohari Rupaka Krithi
Sri Sambasiva sadguru Gurupriya Khanda Chapu Krithi
Sri Sambasivaiya Suryakantham Rupaka Krithi
Sri Shuba Devi Jaganmohini Rupaka Krithi
Sri Sive jaya vaibhave Abhogi Adi Krithi
Sri trilokesam Saveri Khanda Chapu Krithi
Sri Virabhadram Kannada Adi Krithi
Sri Virupaksha Gauri Khanda Chapu Krithi
Sri Vishweswara Harikamboji Adi Krithi
Srichakrapuravasini Gamanasrama Adi Krithi
Srichakravara Janaranjani Adi Krithi
Srikanda dayanide Malavi Rupaka Krithi
Srikantha dayanidhe Salaga Bhairavi Rupaka Krithi
Srimad Simhasaneswari Sudha Saveri Adi Krithi
Srimad Tripurasundari Madhyamavathi Adi Krithi
Srirama jayabhauma Madhyamavathi Adi Krithi
Srisa raravanabhavuni Sumanpriya Adi Krithi
Sritrayimurte Jayanarayani Rupaka Krithi
Sudhamayi sudhanidhi Amritavarshini Rupaka Krithi
Sukshmathanum Hindola Vasantha Khanda Chapu Krithi
Suryacharagni Sriranjini Rupaka Krithi
Tappa mannisotaye Mayapradeepa Adi Krithi
Tappulanaiyu Bauli Rupaka Krithi
Taraka nama Mayamalavagaula Adi Krithi
Teliyakane Huseni Rupaka Krithi
Thaiyidhathil anbiiatha Jonpuri Eka Krithi
Tharakamsivan Sriranjini Adi Krithi
Thim Thathim Hamsanandi Adi Tillana
Thodu nida nive Punnagavarali Adi Krithi
Thom tha thom Kaanada Adi Thillana
Thyagaraja sadguruvai Hindolam Adi Krithi
Tripuranthaka deva Hindusthani Behag Adi Krithi
Umadeva mahanubhava Mohana Adi Krithi
Urraya Avyak taya Dharmavathi Rupaka Krithi
Vageeswari Saraswati Adi Krithi
Vajresi mathe Andolika Adi Krithi
Valli nayaka Shanmukhapriya Adi Krithi
Vanchadomune Karnaranjini Triputa Krithi
Vani nityakalyani Saraswati Manohari Adi Krithi
Vaninivasini Kedaram Rupaka Krithi
Vedamathe vedavinuthe Natta Adi Krithi
Vijayambika Vijayanagari Adi Krithi
Vindhyachala nivasini Narayanagaula Triputa Krithi
Vyomakesam namami Andolika Triputa Krithi
Yagnamayum Sankaran Bhavapriya Rupaka Krithi
Yogini Ganasevitha Vanaspathi Adi Krithi

4 comments:

prasanna said...

mutthiah baghavathar has also composed a lot of krithis in tamil & kannada apart from sanskrit & telugu.........

Kanchana said...

Hi,
I am looking for a complete list of full lyrics for ALL compositions of Muthaiah Bhagavathar published under the title, ChAmuNdAmbA Ashtothra Shatha nAma kIrthanaigaL, by A.K. Gopalan Publishers, in English. I have the Tamil book, but need it in English or Kannada. Do you know of any place where I can get it. It would be of great help.
Thanks.

Lakshman said...

Kanchana: Please send me an email to luzchurch1@hotmail.com. I can help you with the lyrics in English.

Ramkumar S said...

Hi
Can you please let me also get a list of full lyrics of all compositions of muthiah bhagavathar